Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)


Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer in humans and accounts for about 70% on non-melanoma skin cancers.

Tumors often develop on regions of the body that receive regular sun exposure such as the face, neck, shoulders and back.

BCC’s grow slowly over months or years and rarely spreads to other parts of the body. The earlier a BCC is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat. If left untreated it can grow deeper into the skin and damage nearby tissue, making treatment more difficult.

Symptoms of BCC may include:

  • a pearly lump
  • a scaly, dry area that is shiny and pale or bright pink in colour.  It may bleed or itch.
  • Lesions appear as pearly nodules in various colors, including brown, black and blue.

There are several different sub-types of BCC and there are several different modes of treatment. Treatment mode really depends on the size, sub-type and site on the body, and other factors in the patient’s history. One mode of treatment may be appropriate for one type but not indicated for another type.

Treatments include surgery, chemotherapeutic creams, phototherapy, curettage and cautery (burning), cryotherapy (freezing) and radiotherapy.